Motivation in theory

Below is information on four people (FW Taylor, Elton Mayo, Maslow and Herzberg) who all had theories to do with motivation.

FW Taylor

Elton Mayo

Maslow

Self actualisation

= = = Esteem needs = = =

= = = = = Social needs = = = = =

= = = = = = Safety needs = = = = = =

= = = = = = = Physical needs = = = = = = =

Herzberg

Herzberg used a survey to investigate what people liked and disliked about their jobs. He put the results into two categories: "Motivators" and "Hygiene factors". This became known as the two factor theorem and is shown below:
Motivators Hygiene factors
Achievement Company policy
Recognition of achievement Supervision
Meaningful and interesting work Pay
Responsibility Interpersonal relations
Advancement Working conditions